Capital: Moscow

Population: 140.7 million

Languages: Russian, many minority languages

Government type: Federation

Per capita GDP: $14,600

Labor force: 75.1 million

Population below poverty line: 15.8 percent

Major exports: Petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, wood and wood products, metals, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures

Major trading partners: China, Japan, US, Saudi Arabia, UAE.

Internet users: 25.7 million

Military expense, percent of GDP: 3.9 percent

Source: CIA World Factbook, May 2008

This page is part of Rising Powers: The New Global Reality, a project from the Stanley Foundation.