Capital: Beijing

Population: 1.3 billion

Languages: Standard Chinese or Mandarin, Cantonese, Wu, Minbei, Minnan, Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages

Government type: Communist State

Per capita GDP: $5,300

Labor force: 803.3 million

Population below poverty line: 8 percent

Major exports: Machinery, electrical products, data processing equipment, apparel, textile, steel, mobile phones

Major trading partners: US, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, and Germany

Internet users: 162 million

Military expense, percent of GDP: 4.3 percent

Source: CIA World Factbook, May 2008

This page is part of Rising Powers: The New Global Reality, a project from the Stanley Foundation.