Capital: Pretoria

Population: 43.8 million

Languages: IsiZulu, IsiXhosa, Afrikaans, Sepedi, English, Setswana, Sesotho, Xitsonga, others

Government type: Federation

Per capita GDP: $10,600

Labor force: 20.5 million

Population below poverty line: 50 percent

Major exports: Gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment

Major trading partners: Japan, US, UK, Germany, Netherlands, China

Internet users: 5.1 million

Military expense, percent of GDP: 1.7 percent

Source: CIA World Factbook, May 2008

This page is part of Rising Powers: The New Global Reality, a project from the Stanley Foundation.