Energy Security in Brazil

Energy security issues are near the top of the international agenda as countries facing crisis look for alternative energy sources while trying to control nuclear proliferation and stabilize global relationships. Brazil is emerging as a leader in both of these areas as internal developments are making it a stronger player on the international scene.

The South American nation is emerging as an important voice in the widening struggle for energy security. As countries around the world are strained by escalating energy prices and the unstable relationships that drive them, the Brazilian commitment to energy self-sufficiency has brought them near to complete independence from foreign oil. Brazil turned to biofuel technology in a response to the oil crisis of the 1970s and out of a desire to reduce dependence on Middle Eastern oil. Despite major ups and downsin the development of this process, it seems to be successful, as more than 80 percent of new cars now being sold in Brazilare manufactured to run off of either ethanol, gasoline, or a combination of the two.

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This page is part of Rising Powers: The New Global Reality, a project from the Stanley Foundation.