Capital: Ankara

Population: 71.9 million

Languages: Turkish, Kurdish, Dimli

Government type: Republican parliamentary democracy

Per capita GDP: $9,400

Labor force: 25.27 million

Population below poverty line: 20 percent

Major exports: Apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment.

Major trading partners: Germany, UK, Italy, US, France, Spain.

Internet users: 12.3 million

Military expense, percent of GDP: 5.3 percent

Source: CIA World Factbook, May 2008

This page is part of Rising Powers: The New Global Reality, a project from the Stanley Foundation.