Capital: New Delhi

: 1.1 billion

: Hindi, English, and 21 other official languages (Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanscrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu)

Government type
: Federal Republic

Per capita GDP
: $2,700

Labor force
: 516.4 million

Population below poverty line
: 25 percent

Major exports
: Petroleum products, textile goods, gems and jewelry, engineering goods, chemicals, leather manufactures

Major trading partners
: US, UAE, China, UK

Internet users
: 60 million

Military expense, percent of GDP
: 2.5 percent

Source: CIA World Factbook, May 2008

This page is part of Rising Powers: The New Global Reality, a project from the Stanley Foundation.