Capital: Seoul

Population: 49.2 million

Languages: Korean, English

Government type: Republic

Per capita GDP: $24,600

Labor force: 23.99 million

Population below poverty line: 15 percent

Major exports: Semiconductors, wireless telecommunications equipment, motor vehicles, computers, steel, ships, petrochemicals

Major trading partners: China, US, Japan, Hong Kong.

Internet users: 34.1 million

Military expense, percent of GDP: 2.7 percent

Source: CIA World Factbook, May 2008

This page is part of Rising Powers: The New Global Reality, a project from the Stanley Foundation.