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Turkey 101 Print Turkey 101

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Poised between Asia and Europe, Turkey has long held a strategically important role in international affairs. This country of 71 million people is crucial to energy deals and economic developments as it lies between producers and consumers, supply and demand.

Turkey has stakes in peace and security at home and abroad, participating in peacekeeping missions around the world but also struggling with conflicts with its own neighbors. The most pressing and high-profile of these conflicts is with the Kurdish separatist movement in Iraq, a movement that has implications for the Kurdish population inside Turkey as well.

While seen as a bridge between the East and West, this majority Muslim country is also torn between both worlds. Its secular government has a long history of struggles between those who feel their country’s identity lies in the Middle East, those who desire full accession to the European Union (EU), and all those in between.

Turkey’s achievements and challenges are representative of the complicated dynamics emerging in the evolving global order.

Please send us your thoughts on the changing global order and the materials offered here. All comments may be reprinted on this Web site and in related materials.

Sources: Embassy of the Republic of Turkey to the United States; Brookings Institution, Center on the United States and Europe; Brookings Institution, Foreign Policy Program; The Turks Today (Andrew Mango, 2006); The New York Times; BBC News, and others.

This page is part of Rising Powers: The New Global Reality, a project from the Stanley Foundation.

The Stanley Foundation is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.

The global order is changing. The 21st Century will be marked by many competing sources of global power. Across politics, economics, culture, military strength and more, a new group of countries have growing influence over the future of the world:



South Africa
European Union

South Korea


Other Countries

Big issues are also playing a cross-cutting role in this changing global order:


Nuclear Nonproliferation
Nonstate Actors

Global/Regional Systems

And this changing global order has implications for the United States.

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